Streaming state machine framework

Usage no npm install needed!

<script type="module">
  import nkisiStreamlet from 'https://cdn.skypack.dev/@nkisi/streamlet';


Nkisi Streamlet Library

The Nkisi Streamlet library implements a streaming state machine framework. Streamlets are stateful application components that continuously consume input states from streaming inlets, and continuously produce output states on streaming outlets.


Streamlets defines a model for continuous stateful computations that consume many streaming input states, and produce many streaming output states. The streamlet model facilitates dynamic binding of streaming application components to their inputs and outputs, and provides a precise, rate decoupled, backpressure regulated, re-evaluation model for reconciling the state of streamlet components after their transitively dependent input states change.

Streamlets are general purpose programming constructs; they are not restricted to modelling pure, data parallel functions. Unlinke Spark RDDs, or Flink Datasets, Streamlets can encapsulate arbitrary streaming business logic. And unlike Reactive Streams, which are purely demand driven, Streamlets model both supply and demand signals, enabling significantly optimized subgraph re-evaluation when sets of input states change concurrently.

Inlets, Outlets, and Streamlets

The streamlet programming model introduces three key concepts: inlets, outlets, and streamlets.

  • Inlet – a consumer of state changes.
  • Outlet – a producer of state changes.
  • Streamlet – a stateful component with zero or more named input outlets, and zero or more named output inlets.

Additional derivative Inlet and Outlet types provide specialized interfaces for structured input and output states.

  • MapInlet – a consumer of keyed state changes, i.e. updates to a key-value map.
  • MapOutlet – a producer of keyed state changes, i.e. updates to a key-value map.


Outlets, being sources of state, define functional combinators, such as map, filter, and reduce, that produce new, transformed outlets. The Streamlet model enables ultra efficient recomputation of combinators. The reduce combinator, for example, memoizes partial reduction products in a b-tree, enabling log-time updates to its reduced state when any given input key changes.