A React hook for the IntersectionObserver API that uses a polyfill when the native API is not available

Usage no npm install needed!

<script type="module">
  import reactHookIntersectionObserver from 'https://cdn.skypack.dev/@react-hook/intersection-observer';



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npm i @react-hook/intersection-observer

A React hook for the IntersectionObserver API that uses a polyfill when the native API is not available

The Intersection Observer API provides a way to asynchronously observe changes in the intersection of a target element with an ancestor element or with a top-level document's viewport. The ancestor element or viewport is referred to as the root.

When an IntersectionObserver is created, it's configured to watch for given ratios of visibility within the root. The configuration cannot be changed once the IntersectionObserver is created, so a given observer object is only useful for watching for specific changes in degree of visibility.

Quick Start

import * as React from 'react'
import useIntersectionObserver from '@react-hook/intersection-observer'

const Component = () => {
  const [ref, setRef] = React.useState()
  const {isIntersecting} = useIntersectionObserver(ref)
  return <div ref={setRef}>Is intersecting? {isIntersecting}</div>


useIntersectionObserver(target, options)

function useIntersectionObserver<T extends HTMLElement = HTMLElement>(
  target: React.RefObject<T> | T | null,
  options: IntersectionObserverOptions = {}
): IntersectionObserverEntry


Argument Type Required? Description
target React.RefObject | T | null Yes A React ref created by useRef() or an HTML element
options IntersectionObserverOptions No Configuration options for the IntersectionObserver


Property Type Default Description
root DOMElement document A specific ancestor of the target element being observed. If no value was passed to the constructor or this is null, the top-level document's viewport is used
rootMargin string "0 0 0 0" Margin around the root. Can have values similar to the CSS margin property, e.g. "10px 20px 30px 40px" (top, right, bottom, left). The values can be percentages. This set of values serves to grow or shrink each side of the root element's bounding box before computing intersections.
threshold number|number[] 0 Either a single number or an array of numbers which indicate at what percentage of the target's visibility the observer's callback should be executed. If you only want to detect when visibility passes the 50% mark, you can use a value of 0.5. If you want the callback to run every time visibility passes another 25%, you would specify the array [0, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1]. The default is 0 (meaning as soon as even one pixel is visible, the callback will be run). A value of 1.0 means that the threshold isn't considered passed until every pixel is visible.
pollInterval number null The frequency in which the polyfill polls for intersection changes.
useMutationObserver bool true You can also choose to not check for intersections in the polyfill when the DOM changes by setting this to false
initialIsIntersecting bool false Changes the default value of isIntersecting for use in places like SSR

Returns IntersectionObserverEntry

Type Description
IntersectionObserverEntry This is the IntersectionObserverEntry object returned by the IntersectionObserver callback.