This is not a position: sticky polyfill.

Usage no npm install needed!

<script type="module">
  import tableUtilsStickyColumn from 'https://cdn.skypack.dev/@table-utils/sticky-column';



This is not a position: sticky polyfill.

A tiny zero-dependency sticky style function designed to work with "stuck" table cells.

The Problem

HTML tables work well with position: sticky with vertical scrolling, but what about horizontal scrolling? What if you want multiple sticky columns? @table-utils/sticky-column aims to solve this problem in a technology-agnostic manner.


npm i @table-utils/sticky-column

# or with yarn
yarn add @table-utils/sticky-column

Add a little CSS:

.sticky {
    position: sticky;
    background-color: #eee;

table th {
    top: 0;

table td.sticky {
    left: 0;

Call the function in your code:

import { stickyColumn } from '@table-utils/sticky-column';

// that's it!

Synchronous Example

If you're using fastdom or have your own solution that needs to use a synchronous version of sticky-columns, that's exported for your convenience:

import { stickyColumn } from '@table-utils/sticky-column';


How it Works

With no extra config options, sticky-columns works by getting the widths of cells matching sticky and setting the left property of each cell with the matching className. See the performance sections for info on what options sticky-column has to ensure things stay fast for big tables.


@table-utils/sticky-column has a super simple API.


Name Required Type Default Description
root Yes HTMLElement The base table element
options No Object Optionally pass an object to configure the function
options.thead No thead \| div \| section thead The table header element
options.tr No tr \| div tr The table row element
options.th No th \| div th The table header cell element
options.stickyClassName No string sticky The class attribute value of the sticky cell
options.globalStylePrefix No string Loads the widths of sticky cells into an internal stylesheet and adds a CSS prefix that is applied to sticky cells
options.selfAddClassName No boolean Skips adding the className on the DOM node. You'll be on the hook for adding globalStylePrefix to all sticky cells. Useful when integrating with React, other libs/frameworks, and for performance!

Usage with React

Usage with React is super easy. Just pass it into a React.useEffect.

Note: It's recommended to use globalStylePrefix + selfAddClassName with React. See the performance section for more details.

import * as React from 'react';
import { stickyColumn } from '@table-utils/sticky-column';

function App() {
    const ref = React.useRef();

    React.useEffect(() => {
        stickyColumn(ref.current, {
            globalStylePrefix: 'frozen__col--',
            selfAddClassName: true,
    }, []);

    return (
        <table ref={ref}>
                    <th className="frozen frozen__col--0">Name</th>
                    <th className="frozen frozen__col--1">Age</th>
                    <th>Job Area</th>
                    <th>Job Title</th>
                    <th>Year Experience</th>
                    <td className="frozen frozen__col--0">...</td>
                    <td className="frozen frozen__col--1">...</td>
                    {/* ... */}


sticky-column comes with a few options that you can configure to ensure things stay fast as your tables grow. By default, inline CSS is added to each table cell since it's the least invasive and least likely to cause problems; however it is highly recommended you use globalStylePrefix + selfAddClassName if you know you'll be dealing with extremely large tables.

For real performance gains we want to minimize the number of interactions sticky column has with the DOM. You can significantly speed things up by adding classNames to all sticky headers and sticky cells.

Vanilla JS

When working with vanilla JS, we can leverage browser events before running sticky column on a table. Waiting for DOMContentLoaded is one such event. In most cases, this will prevent forced reflows from occurring.

Note: if you're seeing "jumping" or "flashing" of styles, make sure your styles are available as soon as possible (i.e. critical) or consider using the load event.

window.addEventListener('DOMContentLoaded', () => {
    StickyColumn.stickyColumn(document.getElementById('root'), {
        globalStylePrefix: 'slc',
        selfAddClassName: true,

Alternatively, we can wait for load if all CSS and selectors are statically available when the browser fires the load event.

window.addEventListener('load', () => {
    StickyColumn.stickyColumn(document.getElementById('root'), {
        globalStylePrefix: 'slc',
        selfAddClassName: true,

Handling Resize

To handle screen size changes, listen on the resize event. To prevent unnecessary reflows, we can wrap our sticky column call inside a setTimeout. For extra performance gains you can use a debounce function to prevent unnecessary calls.

window.addEventListener('resize', () => {
    setTimeout(() => {
        StickyColumn.stickyColumn(document.getElementById('root'), {
            globalStylePrefix: 'slc',
            selfAddClassName: true,
    }, 100);


sticky-column exports all internal functions so you can integrate with other libraries/frameworks easily. For example, here's how you can integrate with fastdom:

import { fastdom } from 'fastdom';

import {
} from '@table-utils/sticky-column';

const stickify = table => {
    const options = {
        stickyClassName: 'sticky',
        globalStylePrefix: 'scl',
        thead: 'thead',
        th: 'th',

    fastdom.measure(() => {
        const widths = getStickyCellWidths(table, options);

        fastdom.mutate(() => {
            createGlobalStyles(widths, options);
            addClassNamesToStickyCells(table, options);