api-problem

HTTP Problem Utility

Usage no npm install needed!

<script type="module">
  import apiProblem from 'https://cdn.skypack.dev/api-problem';
</script>

README

API Problem

RFC 7807 - Problem Details for HTTP APIs

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RFC 7807 - Problem Details for HTTP APIs

Install

npm install api-problem

API

Constructor: Problem(status[, title][, type][, members])

name type required default description referece
status String N/A The HTTP status code generated by the origin server for this occurrence of the problem Section 3.1
title String HTTP status phrase A short, human-readable summary of the problem type Section 3.1
type String about:blank A URI reference that identifies the problem type Section 3.1
details Object N/A additional details to attach to object Section 3.1
import Problem from 'api-problem'

// HTTP defaults
new Problem(404)
//=> { status: '404', title: 'Not Found', type: 'https://httpstatuses.com/404' }

// override defaults
new Problem(404, 'Oops! Page Not Found')
//=> { status: '404', title: 'Oops! Page Not Found', type: 'https://httpstatuses.com/404' }

// custom values
new Problem(403, 'You do not have enough credit', 'https://example.com/probs/out-of-credit')
//=> { status: '403', title: 'You do not have enough credit', type: 'https://example.com/probs/out-of-credit' }

// additional details
new Problem(403, 'You do not have enough credit', 'https://example.com/probs/out-of-credit', {
  detail: 'Your current balance is 30, but that costs 50.',
  instance: '/account/12345/msgs/abc',
  balance: 30,
  accounts: ['/account/12345', '/account/67890']
})

//=> { status: '403', title: 'You do not have enough credit', type: 'https://example.com/probs/out-of-credit', detail: 'Your current balance is 30, but that costs 50.', instance: '/account/12345/msgs/abc', balance: 30, accounts: ['/account/12345', '/account/67890'] }

// HTTP defaults + Details
new Problem(403, {
  detail: 'Account suspended',
  instance: '/account/12345',
  date: '2016-01-15T06:47:01.175Z',
  account_id: '12345'
})

//=> { status: '403', title: 'Forbidden', type: 'https://httpstatuses.com/404', detail: 'Account suspended', instance: '/account/12345', account_id: 12345, 'date: 2016-01-15T06:47:01.175Z' }

Method : <object> toObject()

returns an object containing all the properties including: (status, title, type, members)

const prob = new Problem(403, 'You do not have enough credit', 'https://example.com/probs/out-of-credit', { user_id: 'x123' })

prob.toObject() //=> { status: 403, title: 'You do not have enough credit', type: 'https://example.com/probs/out-of-credit', user_id: 'x123' }

Method : <string> toString()

returns a simplified, human-readable string representation

const prob = new Problem(403, 'You do not have enough credit', 'https://example.com/probs/out-of-credit')

prob.toString() //=> [403] You do not have enough credit ('https://example.com/probs/out-of-credit')

Method : <void> send(response)

uses response.writeHead and response.end to send an appropriate error respnse message with the Content-Type response header to application/problem+json

import http from 'http'
import Problem from 'api-problem'

let response = new http.ServerResponse()
Problem.send(response)

Express Middleware

A standard connect middleware is provided. The middleware intercepts Problem objects thrown as exceptions and serializes them appropriately in the HTTP response while setting the Content-Type response header to application/problem+json

import express from 'express'
import Problem from 'api-problem'
import Middleware from 'api-problem/lib/middleware'

const app = express()

app.get('/', (req, res) => {
  throw new Problem(403)
})

app.use(Middleware)

Author: Ahmad Nassri • Twitter: @AhmadNassri