Add left/right key navigation to a KaiOS app or web app

Usage no npm install needed!

<script type="module">
  import arrowKeyNavigation from '';


arrow-key-navigation Build Status


arrow-key-navigation is a simple utility to add left/right focus navigation to a web app. It's designed for KaiOS apps but also available for any browser.

The basic idea is to make the and keys act similar to Tab and Shift+Tab, i.e. to change focus between focusable elements in the DOM. Since the and keys typically scroll the page in KaiOS, this is usually all you need to add basic KaiOS accessibility to an existing web app.

It will also listen for the Enter key for certain special cases like checkbox/radio buttons. contenteditable and Shadow DOM are also supported.


npm install --save arrow-key-navigation

Or browse for a list of build files.


import * as arrowKeyNavigation from 'arrow-key-navigation'

arrowKeyNavigation.register() // start listening for key inputs
arrowKeyNavigation.unregister() // stop listening

Focus traps

To build an accessible dialog, you need to "trap" focus inside of the dialog, i.e. make it so focus cannot escape the dialog while it is active. To accomplish this, you can set a "focus trap test" which takes an element as input and returns truthy/falsy to indicate that the element is a focus trap (e.g. the modal dialog root):

arrowKeyNavigation.setFocusTrapTest(element => {
  return element.classList.contains('my-dialog-class')

If you don't call setFocusTrapTest(), then arrow-key-navigation will assume that there are no focus traps in your app.

Conditional or lazy loading

You can choose to install this module only in KaiOS environments using logic like the following:

if (/KAIOS/.test(navigator.userAgent)) {
  import('arrow-key-navigation').then(arrowKeyNavigation => {



npm run build


npm run lint

Fix most lint issues

npm run lint:fix


npm test

Code coverage

npm run cover

Manual KaiOS app test

The index.html and manifest.webapp files are designed for a quick-and-dirty KaiOS app test.

Run npm run build and then install the root directory as a packaged KaiOS app to test it.