i18next-http-backend is a backend layer for i18next using in Node.js, in the browser and for Deno.

Usage no npm install needed!

<script type="module">
  import i18nextHttpBackend from 'https://cdn.skypack.dev/i18next-http-backend';



Actions Actions deno Travis npm version

This is a simple i18next backend to be used in Node.js, in the browser and for Deno. It will load resources from a backend server using the XMLHttpRequest or the fetch API.

It's based on the deprecated i18next-xhr-backend and can mostly be used as a drop-in replacement.

Why i18next-xhr-backend was deprecated?


If you don't want to manage your translation files manually or are simply looking for a better management solution, take a look at i18next-locize-backend.

Getting started

Source can be loaded via npm or downloaded from this repo.

# npm package
$ npm install i18next-http-backend

Wiring up:

import i18next from 'i18next';
import HttpApi from 'i18next-http-backend';


for Deno:

import i18next from 'https://deno.land/x/i18next/index.js'
import Backend from 'https://deno.land/x/i18next_http_backend/index.js'

  • As with all modules you can either pass the constructor function (class) to the i18next.use or a concrete instance.
  • If you don't use a module loader it will be added to window.i18nextHttpBackend

Backend Options

  // path where resources get loaded from, or a function
  // returning a path:
  // function(lngs, namespaces) { return customPath; }
  // the returned path will interpolate lng, ns if provided like giving a static path
  // the function might return a promise
  // If allowMultiLoading is false, lngs and namespaces will have only one element each,
  // If allowMultiLoading is true, lngs and namespaces can have multiple elements
  loadPath: '/locales/{{lng}}/{{ns}}.json',

  // path to post missing resources, or a function
  // function(lng, namespace) { return customPath; }
  // the returned path will interpolate lng, ns if provided like giving a static path
  addPath: '/locales/add/{{lng}}/{{ns}}',

  // your backend server supports multiloading
  // /locales/resources.json?lng=de+en&ns=ns1+ns2
  // Adapter is needed to enable MultiLoading https://github.com/i18next/i18next-multiload-backend-adapter
  // Returned JSON structure in this case is
  // {
  //  lang : {
  //   namespaceA: {},
  //   namespaceB: {},
  //   ...etc
  //  }
  // }
  allowMultiLoading: false, // set loadPath: '/locales/resources.json?lng={{lng}}&ns={{ns}}' to adapt to multiLoading

  // parse data after it has been fetched
  // in example use https://www.npmjs.com/package/json5
  // here it removes the letter a from the json (bad idea)
  parse: function(data) { return data.replace(/a/g, ''); },

  //parse data before it has been sent by addPath
  parsePayload: function(namespace, key, fallbackValue) { return { key } },

  // allow cross domain requests
  crossDomain: false,

  // allow credentials on cross domain requests
  withCredentials: false,

  // overrideMimeType sets request.overrideMimeType("application/json")
  overrideMimeType: false,

  // custom request headers sets request.setRequestHeader(key, value)
  customHeaders: {
    authorization: 'foo',
    // ...
  // can also be a function, that returns the headers
  customHeaders: () => ({
    authorization: 'foo',
    // ...

  requestOptions: { // used for fetch, can also be a function (payload) => ({ method: 'GET' })
    mode: 'cors',
    credentials: 'same-origin',
    cache: 'default'

  // define a custom request function
  // can be used to support XDomainRequest in IE 8 and 9
  // 'options' will be this entire options object
  // 'url' will be passed the value of 'loadPath'
  // 'payload' will be a key:value object used when saving missing translations
  // 'callback' is a function that takes two parameters, 'err' and 'res'.
  //            'err' should be an error
  //            'res' should be an object with a 'status' property and a 'data' property containing a stringified object instance beeing the key:value translation pairs for the
  //            requested language and namespace, or null in case of an error.
  request: function (options, url, payload, callback) {},

  // adds parameters to resource URL. 'example.com' -> 'example.com?v=1.3.5'
  queryStringParams: { v: '1.3.5' },

  reloadInterval: false // can be used to reload resources in a specific interval (useful in server environments)

Options can be passed in:

preferred - by setting options.backend in i18next.init:

import i18next from 'i18next';
import HttpApi from 'i18next-http-backend';

  backend: options,

on construction:

import HttpApi from 'i18next-http-backend';
const HttpApi = new HttpApi(null, options);

via calling init:

import HttpApi from 'i18next-http-backend';
const HttpApi = new HttpApi();
HttpApi.init(null, options);

Gold Sponsors

From the creators of i18next: localization as a service - locize.com

A translation management system built around the i18next ecosystem - locize.com.


With using locize you directly support the future of i18next.