A lore hook that add websockets support for the ActionCable implementation in Rails

Usage no npm install needed!

<script type="module">
  import loreHookWebsocketsActioncable from 'https://cdn.skypack.dev/lore-hook-websockets-actioncable';



The ActionCable hook behaves identical to the SocketIO hook, except for the implementation. The big callout here is the interface that ActionCable uses, which is a bit different than the other two implementations.

Instead of using namespaces, ActionCable uses channels. I think they're equivalent, but not sure. Meaning Socket.io breaks data up into namespaces & rooms, but ActionCable seems to only use one of those (?). I played with it only enough to get this to work and see if the interface could adapt to something not based in Node : )

var _ = require('lodash');
var WebSocketConnection = require('lore-websockets').WebSocketConnection;
var ActionCable = require('actioncable');

module.exports = WebSocketConnection.extend({

  // serverUrl: 'http://localhost:1337/cable',
  // channel: 'PostsChannel',

  connect: function () {
    this.cable = ActionCable.createConsumer(this.serverUrl);

  subscribe: function subscribe() {
    var that = this;

    this.cable.subscriptions.create(this.channel, {
      connected: function () {
        console.log('ActionCable:WebSocket - connected!')

      disconnected: function () {
        console.log('ActionCable:WebSocket - disconnected!')

      received: function (data) {


To use any of these hooks, you need to do four things:

  1. Install it
  2. Tell Lore about it
  3. Create a configuration file for it
  4. Connect and subscribe to your data

Install the Desired Hook

If you have a Sails backend for example, then you'll need to run:

npm install lore-hook-websockets-sails --save

Tell Lore about the Hook

To notify Lore about the hook (so it loads it during the build process) modify the lore.summon method call in your index.js file at the root of the project to look like this:

  hooks: {
    websockets: require('lore-hook-websockets-sails')

Create the WebSockets Config File

Lastly, you need to create a file called websockets.js in your /config folder that looks like this (replacing the serverUrl with the real location of your server):

// config/websockets.js

module.exports = {
  serverUrl: 'http://localhost:1337'

Connect and Subscribe

Each of these hooks create dispatchers for handling messages about created, updated or deleted resources. So if you have models for post and comment, you'll have corresponding connect() and subscribe() methods user lore.websockets.post and lore.websockets.comment. Just invoke those methods in your src/components/Master.js component and you should start seeing data appear.

Needed Improvements

Overall I think this is a decent first/second pass (first at a generic implementation), but there's a few things that need to be added before it's "complete":

  1. The example(s) need to be updated to visually display the websocket status, such as when it's connected, disconnected, and reconnecting. This is important as it's fairly standard these days to display connection issues to the user (and a good user experience overall). That will also provide a good test of the expressiveness of the interface and it's ability to integrate into an app with more real-world type concerns.

  2. Combining optimistic updates with websockets requires sending a client-generated ID to the server to allow linking the optimistic data to the real data when it comes back. Lore supports that (and it's tested in a non-example app), but the configuration isn't exposed in this PR. There needs to be an option to a) send the cid to the server, b) control the name of the cid field that's sent (so it doesn't have to be called cid), c) make it optional to send that field, and d) change the generator for that field, so it could be a UUID instead of something like c1. Right now that behavior can be obtained by overriding actions, but it would be good to have it supported as a built-in feature.

  3. The cascading overrides that are standard for other lore configuration is not yet implemented in the hooks. Meaning, the behavior should be something like:

    • Start with default hook configuration
    • Override with conventions
    • Override with values in config/websockets.js
    • Override with model-specific values in models/post.js (or whatever model is called)
  4. Allow the user to add custom dispatchers and actions by creating a websockets folder and places files inside. For example, src/websockets/post/dispatchers/created.js would be a custom implementation to override the default created dispatcher. Actions could also be created by placing them inside src/websockets/post/actions/create.js if you also wanted to perform CRUD actions through the websocket connection (something the hooks might support, but not yet). Aside from overriding the defaults, you could also place custom dispatchers and actions there that the blueprints wouldn't provide by default.