A command line interface (CLI) for Mongoose to generate models and migrations ith ease.

Usage no npm install needed!

<script type="module">
  import mongoosejsCli from '';


Welcome to mongoosejs-cli 👋

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Table of Contents


This package, Mongoosejs-cli, is a package for nodejs to help generate and run migrations and seeders for mongoosejs with ease.

Note that this is an unofficial CLI package for mongoosejs.


  • node >=11.0.0
  • yarn >= 1.16.0 || npm >= 6.0.0
  • mongoosejs >= 5.5.12



There are two ways to of installing and using this package:

yarn global add mongoosejs-cli
  • Usage
    • mongoose


yarn add mongoosejs-cli
  • Usage
    • npx mongoosejs-cli

Note 📓

It is recommended to install the package in your project(local). We'll be using the local approach in the following examples.


Make sure you have mongoose already installed in your project before proceeding.

To display list of options that the command has, do the following

npx mongoosejs-cli

You'll see the following on your terminal:

Mongoosee CLI [Node: 11.10.0, CLI: 1.0.5, ODM: 5.5.12]

mongoose [command]

  mongoose db:migrate                        Run pending migrations
  mongoose db:migrate:status                 List the status of all migrations
  mongoose db:migrate:undo                   Reverts a migration
  mongoose db:migrate:undo:all               Revert all migrations ran
  mongoose db:seed                           Run specified seeder
  mongoose db:seed:undo                      Deletes data from the database
  mongoose db:seed:all                       Run every seeder
  mongoose db:seed:undo:all                  Deletes data from the database
  mongoose init                              Initializes project
  mongoose init:config                       Initializes configuration
  mongoose init:migrations                   Initializes migrations
  mongoose init:models                       Initializes models
  mongoose init:seeders                      Initializes seeders
  mongoose migration:generate                Generates a new migration file             [aliases: migration:create]
  mongoose model:generate                    Generates a model and its migration            [aliases: model:create]
  mongoose seed:generate                     Generates a new seed file                       [aliases: seed:create]

  --help     Show help                                                                                    [boolean]
  --version  Show version number                                                                          [boolean]

To initialize the project

We recommend that after viewing the lis of commands, first thing to do, is to generate the required files and directories needed to get started. It can achieved by entering the following command.

npx mongoosejs-cli init

This will generate the following:

  • config/ => the directory containing all your configuration files
    • config.json => the default configuration files that contains the database connection strings based on the environment(NODE_ENV). You can add extra environments as well.
  • models/ => the directory that contains all your mongoose models you generated through the package
    • index.js => this file does the database connection and imports all your models
  • migrations/ => directory containing all your migration files
  • seeders/ => directory containing all your seed files


Changing path

By default, mongoosejs-cli generates the migrations, seeders and models directories and files in the root directory of your project. To change this behaviour, create a new file called .mongooserc manually or use the the following command:

touch .mongooserc

and paste the following code inside the new created file

const path = require('path');

module.exports = {
  'config': path.resolve('config', 'database.json'),
  'models-path': path.resolve('db', 'models'),
  'seeders-path': path.resolve('db', 'seeders'),
  'migrations-path': path.resolve('db', 'migrations')

Now the CLI will look for its

  • configuration settings inside ./config/database.json
  • models files inside ./db/models/
  • migration files inside ./db/migrations/
  • seed files inside ./db/seeders/

Configuration file

By default the CLI will try to use the file config/config.js. You can modify that path either via the --config flag or via the option mentioned earlier. Here is how a configuration file might look like (this is the one that npx mongoosejs-cli init generates):

  "development": {
    "database": {
      "url": "mongodb://localhost/mongoose_dev",
      "options": {
        "useNewUrlParser": true
  "test": {
    "database": {
      "url": "mongodb://localhost/mongoose_test",
      "options": {
        "useNewUrlParser": true
  "production": {
    "database": {
      "protocol": "mongodb",
      "username": "root",
      "password": "password",
      "name": "database_production",
      "host": "localhost",
      "port": "",
      "options": {
        "useNewUrlParser": true

Configuration for connecting over SRV

In case you are using MongoDB Atlas or any other services that supports srv, kindly remove database name known as "name" from the database main object and assign its value to a new string called "dbName" in the options object, such as the following.


  "production": {
    "database": {
      "protocol": "mongodb+srv",
      "username": "root",
      "password": "password",
      "host": "",
      "port": "",
      "options": {
        "useNewUrlParser": true,
        "dbName": "database_production",

In case you want to use a url string instead, do the following


  "production": {
    "database": {
      "url": "mongodb+srv://",
      "options": {
        "useNewUrlParser": true,
        "dbName": "database_production",

More coming soon...


If you love this package, there are different ways in which you can contribute.

👍 Show you Support

Give a ⭐️ if this project helped you!

General Issues or Feature Requests

Reporting issues or bugs🐛

Please make sure to read the full guidelines. Your issue may be closed without warning if you do not.

Before reporting a new issue, kindly check issues page to see if similar issues haven't been solved yet. Else, go ahead and create a new issue.

Github issues should follow specified template. When you start creating a new issue, an empty template will be made available to you.

Please make sure issue you are reporting is strictly related to Mongoosejs CLI.

Proposing new features

If you want to propose new features to Mongoosejs CLI, you may ignore issue template. You still need to clearly state new feature. Feature request should give various examples, API suggestions and references to support idea behind it.

Fixing Bugs or Implementing Features

  1. Preparing your environment

Start by cloning Mongoosejs CLI repo

$ git clone

$ git clone # Using HTTPS

Make sure you have all required dependencies, you will need

  • Node v10 or above
  • Yarn v1.16 or above

Now go to cloned repository folder

$ cd /path/to/cloned/repository

Install required modules

$ yarn

Running tests

$ yarn test

Test can take about 7 to 10 minutes to finish, subjected to hardware configuration.

Improving Documentation

If you want to improve or expand our documentation you can start with this readme file.


The Mongoosejs Command Line Interface (CLI) Frequently Asked Question

Initialize mongoose to create necessary files in the project

$ npx mongoosejs-cli init

How can I generate a model?

Specify model name with --name argument. List of table fields can be passed with --attributes option. Note that the datatypes are using Mongoose SchemaTypes when defining them using the CLI.

$ npx mongoosejs-cli model:create --name User --attributes name:String,state:Boolean,birth:Date,card:Number

You can create your own custom datatypes as plugins after the model file has been generated for you. Refer to Mongoose Plugins, on how to do so.

How can I create a migration?

Specify migration name with --name argument

$ npx mongoosejs-cli migration:create --name <migration_name>

How do call/use a model defined?

You can call/use a model(eg: Player) by doing the following:

const models = require('path_to_models_folder');

const players = await models.Player.find({});

console.log(players) // will print players collection

What is the command to execute all migrations?

$ npx mongoosejs-cli db:migrate

How can I make a migrations rollback?

$ npx mongoosejs-cli db:migrate:undo:all

How can I create a seeder?

Specify seeder name with --name argument

$ npx mongoosejs-cli seed:create --name <seeder_name>

How can I run the seeders?

$ npx mongoosejs-cli db:seed:all

How can I make the seeders rollback?

$ npx mongoosejs-cli db:seed:undo:all

Do you have an example of how the structure of the project look like?

Yes. Please check the examples folder in this project. Screenshots can also be found here



This package would not have been made possible if not for the following:

  • Mongoosejs Contributors and maintainers for the awesome ORM specially for mongodb on nodejs
  • Sequelize for their CLI, which Mongoosejs-cli structure was heavily based on.
  • Kefranabg, for his readme-md-generator package which generated the skeleton for this readme file.
  • Nodejs, Yarnpkg, NPM etc...


Copyright © 2019 Stephane Mensah.
This project is MIT licensed.


👤 Stephane Mensah

This README was generated with ❤️ by readme-md-generator