A responsive, customizable react piano keyboard component

Usage no npm install needed!

<script type="module">
  import reactPianoFork from '';



npm version build status

An interactive piano keyboard for React. Supports custom sounds, touch/click/keyboard events, and fully configurable styling. Try it out on CodeSandbox.

react-piano screenshot


yarn add react-piano


You can view or fork the CodeSandbox demo to get a live version of the component in action.


You can load the files using the following URLs.

JS :


import { Piano, KeyboardShortcuts, MidiNumbers } from 'react-piano';

// CSS styles are required in order to render piano correctly. Importing CSS requires
// a CSS loader. Alternatively, copy the CSS file directly from src/styles.css into your <head>.
import 'react-piano/build/styles.css';

const firstNote = MidiNumbers.fromNote('c3');
const lastNote = MidiNumbers.fromNote('f5');

const keyboardShortcuts = KeyboardShortcuts.create({
  firstNote: firstNote,
  lastNote: lastNote,
  keyboardConfig: KeyboardShortcuts.HOME_ROW,

function App() {
  return (
      noteRange={{ first: firstNote, last: lastNote }}
      onPlayNote={(midiNumber) => {
        // Play a given note - see notes below
      onStopNote={(midiNumber) => {
        // Stop playing a given note - see notes below

Implementing audio playback

react-piano does not implement audio playback of each note, so you have to implement it with onPlayNote and onStopNote props. This gives you the ability to use any sounds you'd like with the rendered piano. The react-piano demo page uses @danigb's excellent soundfont-player to play realistic-sounding soundfont samples. Take a look at the CodeSandbox demo to see how you can implement that yourself.


Name Type Description
noteRange Required object An object with format { first: 48, last: 77 } where first and last are MIDI numbers that correspond to natural notes. You can use MidiNumbers.NATURAL_MIDI_NUMBERS to identify whether a number is a natural note or not.
onPlayNote Required function (midiNumber) => void function to play a note specified by MIDI number.
onStopNote Required function (midiNumber) => void function to stop playing a note.
width Conditionally required number Width in pixels of the component. While this is not strictly required, if you omit it, the container around the <Piano> will need to have an explicit width and height in order to render correctly.
keyWidthToHeight Number Ratio of key width to height. Used to specify the dimensions of the piano key.
renderNoteLabel Function ({ keyboardShortcut, midiNumber, isActive, isAccidental }) => node function to render a label on piano keys that have keyboard shortcuts
className String A className to add to the component.
disabled Boolean Whether to show disabled state. Useful when audio sounds need to be asynchronously loaded.
keyboardShortcuts Array of object An array of form [{ key: 'a', midiNumber: 48 }, ...], where key is a keyEvent.key value. You can generate this using KeyboardShortcuts.create, or use your own method to generate it. You can omit it if you don't want to use keyboard shortcuts. Note: this shouldn't be generated inline in JSX because it can cause problems when diffing for shortcut changes.
playbackNotes Array of numbers An array of form [44, 47, 54] which contains MIDI numbers to play back programmatically.

Customizing styles

You can customize many aspects of the piano using CSS. In javascript, you can override the base styles by creating your own set of overrides:

import 'react-piano/build/styles.css';
import './customPianoStyles.css';  // import a set of overrides

In the CSS file you can do things like:

.ReactPiano__Key--active {
  background: #f00;  /* Change the default active key color to bright red */

.ReactPiano__Key--accidental {
  background: #000;  /* Change accidental keys to be completely black */

See styles.css for more detail on what styles can be customized.