then-busboy

Promise-based wrapper around Busboy. Processes multipart/form-data request body and returns it in a single object.

Usage no npm install needed!

<script type="module">
  import thenBusboy from 'https://cdn.skypack.dev/then-busboy';
</script>

README

then-busboy

Promise-based wrapper around Busboy. Processes multipart/form-data request body and returns it in a single object.

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Installation

You can install then-busboy from npm:

npm install --save then-busboy

Or with yarn:

yarn add then-busboy

Usage

then-busboy is framework agnostic module, which means you can use it with different HTTP frameworks, or you can choose to use it pure Node.js HTTP server to hanlde multipart/form-data requests.

Let's take a look at the example with http module from Node.js. We'll write a simple server that will parse form-data request, read files content and then send them back as JSON:

import {createServer} from "http"
import {parse} from "then-busboy"

const handler = (req, res) => parse(req)
  .then(async body => {
    const result = []

    for (const [path, value] of body) {
      result.push([path, isFile(value) ? await value.text() : value])
    }

    res.setHeader("Content-Type", "application/json")
    res.end(JSON.stringify(Body.json(result)))
  })
  .catch(error => {
    res.statusCode = error.status || 500
    res.end(error.message)
  })

createServer(handler)
  .listen(2319, () => console.log("Server started on http://localhost:2319"))

Note: You can use asynchronous function syntax, because then-busboy always returns a Promise.

So, let's see on a simple middleware example for Koa.js:

import {parse} from "then-busboy"

const toLowerCase = string => String.prototype.toLowerCase.call(string)

async function multipart(ctx, next) {
  if (["post", "put"].includes(toLowerCase(ctx.method)) === false) {
    return next()
  }

  if (ctx.is("multipart/form-data") === false) {
    return next()
  }

  const body = await parse(ctx.req)

  ctx.request.body = body.json()

  return next()
}

export default multipart

API

parse(request[, options]) -> {Promise<Body>}

  • http.IncomingMessage request – HTTP request object
  • {object} [options = {}]
    • {boolean} castTypes – allow to restore type of each value (default – true)
    • more information about busboy options here.

class Body

constructor(entries) -> {Body}

Create an object that allows to manipulate FormData fields taken then-busboy

Static methods

from(entries) -> {Body}

Create a new Body from given entries. An alias of new Body(entries)

  • {Array<[string[], any]>} entries – an array of Body initial path-value pairs taken from then-busboy
json(value) -> {object}

Return an object with data taken from given entries or Body

  • {Body | Array<[string[], any]>} – return an object from given Body or entries
formData(value) -> {FormData}

Return a FormData instance with data taken from given entries or Body

  • {Body | Array<[string[], any]>} – return an FormData from given Body or entries

Instance properties

length -> {number}

Return an amount of entries and files in current Body instance

Instance methods

fields() -> {Body}

Return a new Body that contains fields only

files() -> {Body}

Return a new Body that contains files only

json() -> {object}

Return an object with data taken the current Body instance

formData() -> {FormData}

Return a FormData with data taken the current Body instance

entries() -> {Array<[string[], any]>}

Return an array of entries in current Body instance

values() -> {Iterator}

Return an iterator allows to go through the Body values

keys() -> {Iterator}

Return an iterator allows to go through the Body fields path

interface BodyFile

This interface reflects internal representation of a File. It is not meant to be constructed manually, but since it's compatible with files from the browsers, you can use these in Body if you need to.

Instance properties

name

Contains original name of file taken from the filename property within the form-data.

type

File MIME type

enc

Contains a value from transfer encoding header

path

Path to the file on disk

Instance methods

stream() -> {Readable}

Returns a Readable stream allowing to consume file's content

class BodyField

BodyField class in the internal representation of a regular FormData value.

constructor(value: unknown, name: string[, options]) -> {BodyField}

Creates a new instance of the BodyField class.

Instance properties

name

Returns the name of the field.

fieldnameTruncated

Indicates whether the fieldname was truncated.

valueTruncated

Indicates whether the value was truncated.

enc

Returns a value from Content-Transfer-Encoding header.

type

Returns a value from Content-Type header.

Instance methods

valueOf() -> {unknown}

Returns the value of the BodyField.

toString() -> {string}

Returns string representation of the BodyField value.

Fields format

then-busboy can restore an object structure from form-data field names if you will follow the naming formats with dots or square brackets:

Dot notation

This notation looks similarly to JS object properties accessiong syntax:

# Flat objects looks the same in both notations
# Note that the following notation examples is just a pseudo code
name = "John Doe"
age = 25

then-busboy will return the this object for an example from above:

{
  name: "John Doe",

  // By default, non-string values will be converted to their initial type.
  // So, "25" -> 25, "null" -> null, "false" -> false etc.
  age: 25
}

For deep objects or collections, use dot or brackets as a separator. But don't mix them.

  rootField.nestedField = "Some text here"
 {
  rootField: {
    nestedField: "Some text here"
  }
 }

Bracket notation

rootField[nestedField] = "I beat Twilight Sparkle and all I got was this lousy t-shirt"

Becomes

{
  rootField: {
    nestedField: "I beat Twilight Sparkle and all I got was this lousy t-shirt"
  }
}

You can also send an arrays and collections using bracket format:

message[sender] = "John Doe"
message[text] = "Some whatever text message."
message[attachments][0][file] = <here is the file content>
message[attachments][0][description] = "Here is a description of the file"

then-busboy returns the following object:

{
  message: {
    sender: "John Doe",
    text: "Some whatever text message.",
    attachments: [
      {
        "file": File, // this field will be represended as a File instance
        "description": "Here is a description of the file"
      }
    ]
  }
}

Collections allowed too:

[0][firstName] = "John"
[0][lastName] = "Doe"
[0][dob][day] = "1"
[0][dob][month] = "Jan."
[0][dob][year] = "1989"
[0][skills][0] = "Node.js"
[0][skills][1] = "CoffeeScript"
[0][skills][2] = "JavaScript"
[0][skills][3] = "Babel"
[1][firstName] = "Max"
[1][lastName] = "Doe"
[1][dob][day] = "12"
[1][dob][month] = "Mar."
[1][dob][year] = "1992"
[1][skills][0] = "Python"
[1][skills][1] = "Flask"
[1][skills][2] = "JavaScript"
[1][skills][3] = "Babel"
[1][skills][4] = "React"
[1][skills][5] = "Redux"

Then you will receive:

[
  {
    firstName: "John",
    lastName: "Doe",
    dob: {
      day: 1,
      month: "Jan.",
      year: 1989
    },
    skills: ["Node.js", "CoffeeScript", "JavaScript", "Babel"]
  }, {
    firstName: "Max",
    lastName: "Doe",
    dob: {
      day: 12,
      month: "Mar.",
      year: 1992
    },
    skills: ["Python", "Flask", "JavaScript", "Babel", "React", "Redux"]
  }
]

Limits

Whenlimits options are set, then-busboy may reject with HTTP 413 error if specified limit(s) exceeded. That will be a regular error from object http-errors package.

Related links

License

MIT