Configuration loader that injects env variables into YAML

Usage no npm install needed!

<script type="module">
  import typedEnvConfig from 'https://cdn.skypack.dev/typed-env-config';


YAML Configuration Loader

This module makes it easy to load configuration from YAML files, and allows these YAML files to specify environment variables to substitute into the configuration.

Configuration Format

The configuration format looks as follows.

  hostname:     localhost
  port:         8080
production: # profile 'production'
  hostname:   !env HOSTNAME
  port:       !env:number PORT
test: # profile 'test'
  hostname:   localhost
  port:       1234

The top-level properties are "profiles", with default being a special case that supplies defaults for all profiles.

The syntax extensions !env <name> are replaced with the value of the environment variable <name>. This is further extended to support loading types other than strings from environment variables. In the example above !env:number PORT will be replaced by the value of the environment variable PORT parsed as a number. If parsing the environment variable fails, it'll instead be replaced with undefined.

This library has support for the following syntax extensions:

  • !env <NAME>, load string from env variable <NAME>,
  • !env:string <NAME>, load string from env variable <NAME>.
  • !env:number <NAME>, load number from env variable <NAME>.
  • !env:flag <NAME>, load true if env variable <NAME> is defined,
  • !env:bool <NAME>, load boolean as /true/i or /false/i from env variable <NAME>,
  • !env:json <NAME>, load JSON object from env variable <NAME>, and,
  • !env:list <NAME>, load list of space separated strings from env variable <NAME>.

Loading Configuration

When loading configuration you may specify which files, profile and environment variables to load from. The resulting configuration is a combination of all supplied files. Files are parsed in order, with defaults applied as each file is read. Values appearing later in the process overwrite those from earlier.

The default setting is to read from config.yml and user-config.yml, and this is the normal means of configuring a TaskCluster service. config.yml is checked in, and user-config.yml is in .gitignore and used by developers to provide credentials. So in most cases, services load load configuration with config({profile}) (where profile comes from $NODE_ENV).

The default options are shown here:

var config = require('typed-env-config');

var cfg = config({
  files: [                // Files to load configuration from
   'config.yml',          // These defaults are relative to process.cwd
  profile:  undefined,    // Profile to apply (default to none)
  env:      process.env   // Environment variables (mapping string to strings)

Then cfg is an object containing the result of the merge.

The configuration loader will not complain about missing or ill formated environment variables. Instead it will just evaluate them to undefined. Nor will the configuration loader complain about missing files, but it will complain about ill formated files and missing profiles.

If you specify {profile: 'test'} when loading the example configuration file listed at the top of this document, the loader will first load the defaults section and then merge in values from the test section overwriting values set in defaults.

If there is both a config.yml and user-config.yml file, the config.yml will be loaded first and have the profile merged, before the user-config.yml file is loaded and has it profile merged in on top of the config.yml file. Obviously, you can reverse the order and specify other file names using the files option for the config loader.