A minimal library for sync/async validation. Doesn't implement any validation primitives.

Usage no npm install needed!

<script type="module">
  import validationPod from '';



All object validation libraries come bundled with their own assertion / sanitization primitives. Which is kind of dumb. There is a lot of great libraries such as chai.js or validator.js which could and should be used instead.

node-validation-pod is just an empty shell for running synchronous / asynchronous validation on objects. It doesn't come with any functionality for validating data. Only the validation logic. This way, you can plug-in any validation library you want.

The validation logic

Implements 3 steps :

  1. before : prepare your data for validation. If some fields validity depend on each other, you can check it here. If a validation error occurs, go directly to after step.
  2. attributes validators : for each attribute in your object, run the corresponding validator. Gathers all errors in one object.
  3. after : check for unknown attributes. Add errors to the errors found in previous step.

Example 1 : object validation using validator.js

Here is a simple example on how to use validator.js to validate the data submitted in a user sign-up form.

var chai = require('validator')
  , vpod = require('validation-pod')

userRegisterValidator = new vpod.Validator({
  email: function(val) { 
    if (!validator.isEmail(val)) return 'Invalid email' 
  password: function(val) { 
    if (!isLength(password, 8)) return 'Password must be at least 8 characters!'
    // ... more validation rules  
  confirmPassword: function(val) { 
    if (this.password !== val) return 'Passwords do not match'

Example 2 : object validation using chai.js

First you need to create a subclass of Validator:

var chai = require('chai')
  , vpod = require('validation-pod')
  , inherits = require('util').inherits

var ChaiValidator = function() {
  vpod.Validator.apply(this, arguments)

inherits(ChaiValidator, vpod.Validator)

// This hooks allows to catch errors that occur during any of the 3 steps
// of the validation process.
// Return a message if the error is a validation error and should be handled,
// return nothing or `false` if the error has not been handled and should be thrown. 
ChaiValidator.prototype.handleError = function(err) {
  if (err instanceof chai.AssertionError) {
    return err.message

ChaiValidator will allow us to validate data using chai assertions. Let's now create a validator for some boring Animal object :

var fs = require('fs')
  , chai = require('chai')
  , expect = chai.expect

var animalValidator = new ChaiValidator({
  // Example of synchronous validation
  species: function(val) { expect(val)'string') },
  color: function(val) { expect(val)'string') },
  age: function(val) { expect(val)'number') },

  // Example of asynchronous validation (note the second argument is a `done` callback)
  // We want to validate that the folder where we put our animal's pictures exists.
  pictureFolder: function(val, done) {, 'r', function(err) {
      if (err && err.code === 'ENOENT')
        err = new chai.AssertionError('path \'' + val + '\' does not exist')

Now let's validate some stuff :

// A valid animal
var aDog = {
  species: 'dog',
  color: 'blue',
  age: 12,
  pictureFolder: '/tmp'
}, function(err, validationErrors) {
  if (err) throw err // this is real errors coming here.
  console.log(validationErrors) // -> {}
// An unvalid animal
var anotherDog = {
  species: 'dog',
  color: 1,
  age: 12,
  pictureFolder: '/waf waf',
  unknownAttribute: '???'
}, function(err, validationErrors) {
  if (err) throw err // this is real errors coming here.
  console.log(validationErrors) // -> {'.color': 'expected ...', '.': 'unknownAttribute': '...', ...}


class Validator(validators, beforeAfter)

Builds a new validator., [opts,] done)

Run the validation on obj. Options can be :

  • prefix : the prefix to add to the validation error keys
  • validationErrors: an object to populate with validation errors