A simple, general purpose, TLV-like binary protocol

Usage no npm install needed!

<script type="module">
  import xfer from 'https://cdn.skypack.dev/xfer';



xfer is a module for node.js that reads and writes binary-compatible messages using a simple TLV-like protocol.



npm install xfer


  var net = require('net'),
      inspect = require('util').inspect,
      Xfer = require('./xfer');

  function makeDisplay(role, kind) {
    return function(arg1, arg2) {
      var type, stream;
      if (kind === true) {
        type = arg1;
        stream = arg2;
      } else {
        type = kind;
        stream = arg1;
      if (!stream)
        console.log('[' + role + '] Type: ' + type + ', Data: (none)');
      else {
        var s = '';
        stream.on('data', function(d) { s += d; })
              .on('end', function() {
                console.log('[' + role + '] Type: ' + type + ', Data: ' + inspect(s));

  net.createServer(function(client) {
    client.xfer = new Xfer();

    client.xfer.on('*', makeDisplay('SERVER', true));

    client.xfer.send(0x01, 'Node.js rules! :-)');
  }).listen(8118, function() {
    var client = net.createConnection(8118);
    client.xfer = new Xfer();

    client.xfer.on(0x01, makeDisplay('CLIENT', 0x01))
               .on(0x05, makeDisplay('CLIENT', 0x05));
    client.on('connect', function() {
      client.xfer.send(0xFF, 'I am caught by the catch-all event!');

  // output:
  // [CLIENT] Type: 5, Data: (none)
  // [CLIENT] Type: 1, Data: 'Node.js rules! :-)'
  // [SERVER] Type: 255, Data: 'I am caught by the catch-all event!'


Xfer is a Duplex stream

Xfer Events

Two types of events are emitted from an Xfer instance: integer (type) events and a special catch-all event ('*').

Integer (type) events are passed a Readable stream object if there was data with the message. The catch-all ('*') event is passed an additional argument (< integer > type) before the stream object.

Xfer Methods

  • constructor ([< object >config]) - Creates and returns a new Xfer instance with the following valid config settings:

    • highWaterMark - integer - The high water mark (in bytes) used for backpressure handling for this Xfer instance (default: 128KB)

    • streamHWM - integer - The high water mark (in bytes) used for the data streams for inbound messages (default: highWaterMark value from above)

    • skipWriteTick - boolean - This disables the use of process.nextTick() inside node core's Writable stream class after data is written to this xfer instance. This can help prevent exceeding the maximum call stack if you run into that issue. (default: false)

  • send (< integer >type[, < mixed >data]) - boolean - Writes the message to the Readable stream portion of the Xfer instance. If provided, data can be either a Buffer or string. The return value indicates whether or not more sends should be performed.