Rotary ====== *DynamoDB with rules.* `yarn add @akkoro/rotary`

Usage no npm install needed!

<script type="module">
  import akkoroRotary from 'https://cdn.skypack.dev/@akkoro/rotary';



DynamoDB with rules.
yarn add @akkoro/rotary

Rotary is an open-source library for AWS DynamoDB queries. It aims to implement a set of constraints which allow data to be stored according to one or more "best-practice" strategies.
Currently the project ships with strategies for relational data and time-series data.

It is written in TypeScript, and builds on both OO and FP principles.
In particular, it is worth noting that Futures are used instead of Promises. All future-returning APIs can be converted to promises by calling .promise() instead of .fork().



Config.tableName = 'myDynamoTable';

interface UserAddress {
    city: string;
    country: string;

class User {
    email: string;

    @Searchable({composite: true})
    address: UserAddress;

    @Searchable({signed: false})
    type: number;

    account: Account;

    birthdate: string;

class Account {
    type: string;

class Post {
    content: string;

// create and store new user entity
const user = makeEntity(User)({id: 'myUser'});
user.email = 'clem.fandango@scramblestudios.co.uk';
user.type = 1;
user.country = {
    city: 'London',
    country: 'UK'
user.store().fork(console.error, console.log);

// create and store a new post
const post = makeEntity(Post)({id: 'myUser', timestamp: Date.now()});
post.content = 'this is some hot content';
post.store().fork(console.error, console.log);

// query a user by email
    .fork(console.error, console.log)

// query all users who live in the UK
    .match({country: 'UK'})
    .fork(console.error, console.log)


Entities follow the Active Record pattern, and provide the means for modeling data. Entities optionally specify a Storage Strategy such as Relational or TimeSeries (default is Relational), which determines how the entity is stored in a DynamoDB table.
Entity attributes are specified as class fields, and may optionally specify one Attribute decorator.


Attributes provide additional query and/or storage functionality to an entity field. They are similar to how a primary key or foreign key constraint might be specified in a traditional RDBMS ORM such as TypeORM.

Some attribute types insert an additional row in DynamoDB when the entity is stored to support query operations on that attribute. Care should be taken to balance desired functionality with the extra data & redundancy that is required to support it.

Some attributes can only be used with a specific Storage Strategy.

Built-In Attributes

Name Supported Strategies Supported Operations Details
Unique Relational equals Specify for attributes which function as a unique identifier. Adds an additional row.
Searchable Relational equals, match, range Specify for attributes non-unique attributes requiring query, or for data that can be queried with partial info. Adds an additoinal row.
Ref Relational, TimeSeries N/A Specify that the attribute contains another entity; the referenced entity will be loaded by ID.

All entities also provide an id attribute which can be queried; the supported operations depend on the storage strategy.

TODO: details on Searchable attribute options composite and signed

Storage Strategies

Storage Strategies implement higher-level details about Entity storage. For example, entities stored with the Relational strategy are packed into a single DynamoDB table, while TimeSeries entities require their own table.

Built-In Strategies

Name Requires LSI ID Operations Details
Relational Yes equals Emulate a traditional RDBMS
TimeSeries No equals, range Store multiple items with the same id at many timestamps.

DynamoDB Configuration


Create a table with any name (be sure to specify this name in Config.tableName). This table must have:

  • a Primary Key named pk of type string
  • a Sort Key named sk of type string
  • a local secondary index named sk-data-index with
    • a Primary Key named sk
    • a Sort Key named data


Create a table with any base name (specified in Config.tableName), with a suffix of -ENTITYNAME.
For example, if tableName is rotary and our entity is called Content, the TimeSeries table must be named rotary-CONTENT.
This table must have:

  • a Primary Key named pk of type string
  • a Sort Key named sk of type number