A nice wrapper around the fetch API with some extras

Usage no npm install needed!

<script type="module">
  import nordnetSoFetchJs from 'https://cdn.skypack.dev/@nordnet/so-fetch-js';



A small wrapper around the fetch API with some additional behaviours.


Install this module with npm or yarn.

yarn add @nordnet/so-fetch-js
npm install @nordnet/so-fetch-js

This module is designed to be consumed via a build tool such as Webpack.

This module is written in TypeScript and the types are published to npm; if you're using TypeScript they should be picked up by the compiler automatically.

You will also need to provide your own polyfill for the fetch API if you're working in older browsers. whatwg-fetch is recommended. so-fetch does not provide a fetch polyfill.

so-fetch also assumes that Object.assign is available. You can use core-js but you can also use es6-object-assign or any other solution.

Differences to fetch

so-fetch has some slightly different behaviours to the native fetch API:

  • It assumes JSON responses, so it calls .json() on the response for you. If you are not regularly using JSON, so-fetch is not for you.

  • Any request made with so-fetch returns a SoFetchResponse, rather than a Response object. It has all the same properties, so you shouldn't notice any difference, but it also adds two more: .data and .isError.

  • Although your request is parsed as JSON, so-fetch gives you the full response back, with its headers, status, and so on. On a SoFetchResponse you can access the parsed response through the .data property:

    import fetch from '@nordnet/so-fetch-js'
    fetch('/users').then(response => {
      console.log(response.data) // the response body, parsed to a JS object
  • Unlike fetch, so-fetch will reject any response that does not have a 2XX status code. When this happens, you can still read the JSON response using .data:

    import fetch from '@nordnet/so-fetch-js'
    fetch('/users').catch(errorResponse => {
      console.log(errorResponse.data) // response body still, even though the request failed

Basic Usage

You can just import and start using so-fetch:

import fetch from '@nordnet/so-fetch-js'

fetch('http://example.com/api').then(response => ...)

To use so-fetch's more advanced features, you will need to create clients.

Full Usage

To use so-fetch, you should first import it and instantiate a new client:

import { makeFetchClient } from '@nordnet/so-fetch-js'
const apiClient = makeFetchClient({

The makeFetchClient call takes three options:

  • requestInterceptors: []: an array of request interceptors. See below for documentation for interceptors.
  • responseInterceptors: []: an array of response interceptors. See below for documentation for interceptors.
  • rootUrl: () => '': a function that returns a string that makes up your base URL. Normally this will just return a static string: rootUrl: () => 'http://api.com'.

Making Requests with a client

Once you have created a client, you have an object with methods that you can call.

The main method provided by the client is fetch:

const apiClient = makeFetchClient({
  rootUrl: () => 'http://api.com',

apiClient.fetch('/users') => GET http://api.com/users

The fetch method mirrors the native API; it also takes an optional second argument which is an object to configure your request, such as headers:

apiClient.fetch('/users', {
  headers: {
    'Foo-Header': 'Bar',

You can also use it to override the method used:

apiClient.fetch('/users', {
  method: 'POST',

However, if you're going to do that, you should consider using the post or put method. These make POST or PUT requests, but also take an argument for the body that you want to send with the request:

apiClient.post('/users', {
  name: 'Jack',
// POST /users with a JSON body of { name: 'Jack' }

The api client assumes you're using JSON - the body is passed through JSON.stringify and the Content-Type header is set to application/json. If you don't want these defaults, you can use the fetch method and configure the entire request.


Interceptors can act on the configuration for a request and change it in someway before allowing the request to be made. A common use case for this is adding an API header, or a header that changes based on some value that you don't know when initialising the client. For example, this interceptor adds a header based on a value in local storage:

const addHeader = config => {
  config.headers['Special-Header'] = localStorage.getItem('special-header')
  return config

const client = makeFetchClient({
  requestInterceptors: [addHeader],

A request interceptor gets called with a config object which contains the method, headers, URL and any other options that you can pass to fetch. It should return the configuration object.

A response interceptor works on the response object that is returned from the request. For example, you might want to pull a header off the response and store it in local storage:

const saveHeader = response => {
  localStorage.saveItem('foo', response.headers.get('Some-Header'))
  return response

const client = makeFetchClient({
  responseInterceptors: [saveHeader],

It's important to note that response.headers is not a plain JS object, but it is an instance of Headers, because this is what the fetch API uses.

An api client can have as many request and response interceptors as you like. They will be executed in the order they are passed when you create the client:

const client = makeFetchClient({
  requestInterceptors: [
    a, // executed first
  responseInterceptors: [
    d, // executed first

Interceptors can also be async functions and will be executed in a sequential order, meaning that you can rely on previous interceptors to have been resolved. If any of the interceptors rejects the entire fetch will be rejected.

Type usage with TypeScript

The so-fetch library is fully typed and if you are using TypeScript you can take advantage of this to have a much nicer development experience. The type of a client is SoFetch<T>, where T is the response type coming from your API.

So, if my API always returns { name: string }, I can create my client like so:

import { makeFetchClient } from '@nordnet/so-fetch-js'

interface IApiResponse {
  name: string

const myClient = makeFetchClient<IApiResponse>()
myClient.fetch(...) // returns Promise<SoFetchResponse<IApiResponse>>

If you don't want to create your own clients, you can still type the default fetch function:

import fetch from '@nordnet/so-fetch-js'

interface IApiResponse {
  name: string

fetch<IApiResponse>(...) // returns Promise<SoFetchResponse<IApiResponse>>

If you do not specify a type of response, the following interface is used:

export interface IDefaultFetchResponse {
  [x: string]: any

If you find any issues with the types, please feel free to raise an issue. This is my first TypeScript module so I wouldn't be surprised if there are problems!


We welcome any contributions. Before embarking on a big piece of work it's a good idea to open an issue to discuss your idea and proposed solution.

To work on this project:

  • Fork this repository
  • git clone to your machine
  • yarn install to install all the dependencies.
  • yarn test:watch to run the tests in watch mode. They will rerun as you make changes.
  • Run yarn test to run linting, type checking and tests.