An extension to "Not Yet Another Framework". A simple forms validation library.

Usage no npm install needed!

<script type="module">
  import nyafForms from 'https://cdn.skypack.dev/@nyaf/forms';


Version License

Introducing @nyaf

The name @nyaf is an acronym for "Not Yet Another Framework". It is, in fact, an entirely new concept of Web development support libraries, a so called "thin library".

It's simple, has a flat learning curve, doesn't need any special tools. Keep your tool chain, get the power. It can replace all the complex stuff such as React or Angular entirely, indeed.


This is an extension to the famous micro framework ny@f. You need to build your project on top of ny@f, then @nyaf/forms makes your life easier, again.

@nyaf Forms Module

Forms provides these basic features:

  • UI control decorators (example: @Hidden() to suppress a property in a dynamic table).
  • Validation decorators (example: @MaxLength(50) or @Required() to manage form validation).
  • Data Binding using a model declaration decorator called @ViewModel and a bind property named n-bind.

Form validation is a key part of any project. However, CSS frameworks require different strategies to handle errors and so on. Hence, the @nyaf/forms library provides a simple way (just like a skeleton) to give you the direction, but the actual validation implementation logic is up to you to build.

Same for the UI decorators. It's a convenient way to add hidden properties to viewmodels. There is no logic to read these values, this is up to you to implement this. However, the decorators makes your life a lot easier.

The binding logic is almost complete and once you have a decorated model it's syncing the UI automagically.

How it works

First, you need view models. Then, you decorate the properties with validation and hint decorators.

A view model could look like this:

export class UserViewModel {

  id: Number = 0;

  @Display('E-Mail', 'E-Mail address')
  email: string = '';

  @Display('Phone Number', 'The user\'s phone')
  @Required('Please, the phone number is required')
  phoneNumber: string = '';

  @Display('User Name', 'The full name')
  userName: string = '';


The last (optional) parameter of the validation decorators is a custom error message.

Validation Decorators

Decorator Usage
@MaxLength The maximum length of a text input.
@MinLength The minimum length of a text input.
@Pattern A regular expression that is used to test the text or number input.
@Range A range (from-to) for either numerical values or dates.
@Required Makes the field mandatory.
@EMail Checks input against a (very good) regular expression to test for valid e-mail pattern.
@Compare Compares with another field, usually for password comparison.

UI Decorators (property level)

Decorator Usage
@Display Determine the label's name and a tooltip ( optionally).
@DisplayGroup Groups components in <fieldset> elements. Can be ordered inside the form.
@Hidden Makes an hidden field.
@Sortable Makes a column sortable in table views.
@Filterable Adds a filter in table views.
@Placeholder A watermark that appears in empty form fields
@ReadOnly Forces a particular render type. Usually you get fields a shown in the table below. With a hint you can force other types.
@TemplateHint What kind of field (text, number, date, ...) and additional styles or classes.
@Translate For i18n of components

Template language

ny@f has a simple template language. For forms it's just one for any input element:

model: ModelBinder<UserViewModel>; // instance created by decorator

async render() {
  return await (
        <input n-bind="value: Name" />

Now the field knows everything about how to render and how to validate. The first item ("value") is the HTML element's property you bind to. The second is the model's property name ("Name").

Once you retrieve the DOM object, you get access to validation:

const username = this.querySelector('[name="userName"]');
if (username.valid){
  // call server
if (username.touched){
  // show help

For a good UI you need a label usually:

<label n-bind="innerText: userName" />


The model is provided by a decorator

export class component extends BaseComponent<any> implements IModel<ModelType> {

  async render() {
    return await (
        <label n-bind="innerText: userName" for="un"/>
        <input n-bind="value: userName" id="un" />
        <br />
        <label n-bind="innerText: city" for="city"/>
        <input n-bind="value: city" id ="city" />


Forms bind data. It's bi-directional or uni-directional depending on the chosen handler.

Access the data

From code it's also possible:

const value = this.model.scope.property;
this.model.scope.property = 'another value';

The proxy object is available through scope. Binding is dependent on binding handler (bi- or uni-directional).


The error message is just regular output (class example from Bootstrap,not needed by nyaf forms):

  <label n-bind="innerText: userName" for="un"/>
  <input n-bind="value: userName" id="un">
  <div class="text text-danger" n-if={!@userName.valid && @userName.touched}>Oops, something got wrong</div>

Again, note the @ signs preceding the property names.

Validators can provide the error text, too:

  <label n-bind="innerText: userName" for="un"/>
  <input n-bind="value: userName" id="un">
  <div class="text text-danger"
       n-if={this.model.getScope().userName.valid && this.model.getScope().userName.touched"
       innerHTML={this.model.getScope().userName.errors} ></div>s

Distinguish between different validators like this:

  <label n-bind="innerText: userName" for="un"/>
  <input n-bind="value: userName" id="un">
  <div class="text text-danger"
       n-if={this.model.getScope().userName.valid && this.model.getScope().userName.touched"
       innerHTML={this.model.getScope().userName.errors.required.error} ></div>s

Objects are always set (not undefined), so you don't must test first. The property names are same as the decorators, but in lower case:

  • @MaxLength: maximum
  • @MinLength: minimum
  • @Pattern: pattern
  • @Range: range
  • @Required: required
  • @EMail: email
  • @Compare: compare

View Models in Components

For a nice view decorators applied to class properties control the appearance. Use FormsComponent as new base class (instead of BaseComponent). Use the decorator @ViewModel<T>(T) to define the model. The generic is the type, the constructor parameter defines the default values (it's mandatory).

export class Model {
  id: number = 0;

  name: string = '';

@Properties<{ data: Model }>()
export class MainComponent extends FormsComponent {
  // ... omitted for brevity

Within the component, this is now present.

this.modelState = {
  isValid: boolean,
  isPresent: boolean,
  errors: { [key: string]: string },
  model: Model

It's supervised. After render this.modelState helds the state of the model.

Smart Binders

There is an alternative syntax that provides full type support:

<label n-bind={to<ContactModel>(c => c.email, 'innerText', Display)}></label>

Use the function to<Type> from @nyaf/forms. The parameters are as follows:

  1. An expression to select a property type safe
  2. The property of the element. Any property available in HTMLElement is allowed (and it's restricted to these).
  3. The (optional) type of decorator that's used to pull data from. If it's omitted, the actual data appear.

Obviously you could think about writing this:

<input n-bind={to<ContactModel>(c => c.email, 'value')} />

This is rejected by the compiler, because the property value doesn't exists in HTMLElement. To provide another type, just use a second generic type parameter:

<input n-bind={to<ContactModel, HTMLInputElement>(c => c.email, 'value')} />

Here you tell the compiler, that it's safe to use HTMLInputElement and so the editor allows value as the second parameter. An even smarter way is to use the lambda here, too:

<input n-bind={to<ContactModel, HTMLInputElement>(c => c.email, c => c.value)} />

But, both ways are type safe, even the string is following a constrain. The string is usually shorter, the lambda might use an earlier suggestion from Intellisense.

Even More Smartness

You may also define your component as a generic:

// ContactModel defined elsewhere
export class ContactComponent<T extends ContactModel> extends BaseComponent implements IModel<ContactModel> {

And in that case use a shorter from to express the binding:

<label n-bind={to<T>(c => c.email, c => c.innerText)} />

That's cool, isn't it? Now we have a fully type save binding definition in the middle of the TSX part without any additions to regular HTML.


Is it worth coding with nyaf forms and vanilla JS? For smaller projects and for apps that must load quickly, yes.

The zipped package of the lib is 2 KBytes. Expanded just 8 KBytes. nyaf itself is required (adding 23 KBytes, 7 KBytes zipped).

However, compared with React or Angular it's a lot simpler. Compared to Vue it's simpler and even smaller, but the delta is not that thrilling.


The package runs, if there are no polyfills, only with ES2015. This limits the usage to any modern browser. It's pretty bold in Electron projects.


Install the package:

npm i @nyaf/forms -S


Depends on @nyaf/lib.