Helper making the observation of element's visibility a little more convenient. Based on the IntersectionObserver API.

Usage no npm install needed!

<script type="module">
  import seznamVisibilityObserver from 'https://cdn.skypack.dev/@seznam/visibility-observer';



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Helper making the observation of element's visibility a little more convenient. Based on the IntersectionObserver API.

The visibility observer helper smartly caches the used intersection observers, optimizing the performance of your code while providing a more convenient API.


npm install --save @seznam/visibility-observer


The following snippet shows a basic usage example:

import {observe, unobserve} from '@seznam/visibility-observer'

const imageSource = 'https://example.com/image.png'
const image = document.getElementById('pic') as HTMLImageElement

observe(image, onVisibilityChange, {
  // The optional configuration object accepts all the options of the
  // IntersectionObserver's constructor - see
  // https://mdn.io/IntersectionObserver.IntersectionObserver.

  // CSS-like string representing the margins considered around the viewport
  // or the specified root element when determining whether the observed
  // element is intersecting it. All CSS shorthand notations are accepted. The
  // observe function also supports a single number for this option, which
  // represents an equally large margin width for all edges in pixels. This
  // option defaults to '0px'.
  rootMargin: 16, // equivalent to '16px 16px 16px 16px',

  // A number or a an array of numbers within the range [0, 1]. When the
  // element's visibility ratio crosses any of the specified thresholds either
  // way, the provided callback will be called. This option defaults to 0.
  threshold: 0.5,

  // The optional root element whose bounds are treated as the bounding box of
  // the viewport for the observed target element. If set to null, the bounds
  // of the document viewport are used. If specified, the same root element
  // must be passed as the third argument to the unobserve() function to
  // deregister the callback. Defaults to null.
  root: null,

  // Unlike the IntersectionObserver API, the visibility observer allows
  // registration of one-off callbacks. If this option is set to true, the
  // callback will be only invoked once the observed element is intersecting
  // the viewport (or the specified root element) and it will only be invoked
  // once. The callback will then be automatically deregistered afterwards.
  // Defaults to false.
  once: false,

function onVisibilityChange(
  // The observe function constrains the callback's parameter type to
  // IntersectionObserverEntry & {target: typeof elementToObserve}, which is
  // especially handy with in-line callbacks, removing the need to provide the
  // type annotation for the parameter in such case and providing additional
  // type safety if the observed element is referenced through the intersection
  // entry passed to the callback.
  visibilityEntry: IntersectionObserverEntry & {target: HTMLImageElement},
): void {
  if (visibilityEntry.isIntersecting) {
    visibilityEntry.target.src = imageSource

    // This is equivalent to setting the the once flag to true.
    unobserve(image, onVisibilityChange)

The observe() function returns a convenience callback for deregistering the provided callback from observing the specified element, allowing for a more convenient use with anonymous functions as callbacks:

const unobserveElement = observe(someElement, (visibilityEntry) => {
  if (/* some condition */) {