React shared context utilities for analytic event tracking.

Usage no npm install needed!

<script type="module">
  import vrboReactEventTracking from 'https://cdn.skypack.dev/@vrbo/react-event-tracking';


Build Status



The react-event-tracking repository provides React components for applications and other React components to build event metadata and trigger analytic events. react-event-tracking enables low level React components to trigger analytic tracking events while allowing higher levels in the DOM hierarchy to specify additional details that will be automatically included. Using this functionality to trigger events at the lowest level in the DOM hierarchy helps to ensure consistency in eventing across an application.


Application developers that want to consume this component should install the package using npm:

npm install @vrbo/react-event-tracking

Within your javascript files, import the component:

// ES6 module syntax:
import {TrackingProvider, TrackingContext} from '@vrbo/react-event-tracking';

// CommonJS syntax:
const {TrackingProvider, TrackingContext} = require('@vrbo/react-event-tracking');

// RequireJS syntax:
// Setup a "paths" configuration in your require config:
'@vrbo/react-event-tracking': '../../node_modules/@vrbo/react-event-tracking/lib/umd/index.min'

// Then include in your module
const {TrackingProvider, TrackingContext} = require('@vrbo/react-event-tracking');

Applications use a TrackingProvider to define the event triggering implementation and wrap components that trigger events with additional payload and options that will be merged into the triggered event.

Components make use of TrackingContext or TrackingTrigger to trigger events which will automatically merge the payload and options specified at higher levels in the DOM through one or more TrackingProvider components.


The TrackingProvider is a React 16 context provider component that allows an application to define the event trigger implementation and incrementally build the payload and options for analytic events that will trigger from nested components. Using the TrackingProvider enables components at the lowest level to trigger events with the necessary set of payload and options. The TrackingProvider is intended as a generic provider that does not require the use of a specific analytic event tracking library.

Note: It is strongly recommended that property values for the TrackingProvider be defined in state or constant variables instead of building the values dynamically on every render. If the values are constructed during the render, it will cause a FORCE RE-RENDER of ALL consumers of the context that are descendants of the provider, even if the consumer's shouldComponentUpdate bails out. Following a pattern of defining property values as constants or via state will prevent unnecessary renders of children context consumers.

eventPayload objectOf (objectOf) ── An object of event specific payload where the event name is the key and the value is an object of field key/value pairs for the event. Event specific values will be merged with defaults from the payload property.
eventFields objectOf (objectOf) ── (Deprecated) An object of event specific fields where the event name is the key and the value is an object of field key/value pairs for the event. Event specific values will be merged with defaults from the fields property. The eventPayload property takes precedence over this property if both are specified.
eventOptions objectOf (objectOf) ── An object of event specific options where the event name is the key and the value is an object of option key/value pairs for the event. Event specific values will be merged with defaults from the options property.
payload objectOf (any) ── Object of any values that represents the default payload to apply to all events within this context.
fields objectOf (string) ── (Deprecated) Object of string values that represents the default fields to apply to all events within this context. The payload property takes precedence over this property if both are specified.
options objectOf (any) ── The trigger options.
overwrite bool false When true, overwrites the current context with specified properties. Default is to merge instead of overwrite.
trigger func () => {} Tracking event trigger implementation.

In the example below the Calendar component is known to trigger some events so the consuming application wraps it with a TrackingProvider and the appropriate configuration of payload and options as well as the implementation of trigger appropriate for the application.

import {TrackingProvider} from '@vrbo/react-event-tracking';
const defaultPayload = {location: 'top-right'};
const defaultOptions = {asynchronous: true};
const customTrigger = (event, payload, options) => {
    // Implement custom event tracking.

function App(props) {
    return (
            // Events triggered by the Calendar component
            // will use the context specified above.

For further details on usage of the TrackingProvider component view the component documentation.


While the TrackingProvider component is used to incrementally build the payload and options for an event and define the trigger implementation, the TrackingContext module is used to trigger the analytic event. Structuring a component to use TrackingContext will provide access to the trigger method to trigger analytic events via this.context.trigger.

In the example below, MyComponent is configured to use the TrackingContext module and then triggers a generic.click event when the handleClick() method is invoked:

import React, {Component} from 'react';
import {TrackingContext} from '@vrbo/react-event-tracking'

class MyComponent extends React.Component {
   static contextType = TrackingContext;

   handleClick() {

The trigger API has the following signature:

trigger(event, payload, options)


  • event - The name of the event to trigger (String)
  • payload - The required and optional payload for the event (Object).
  • options - The trigger options to use when triggering the event (Object)

For further details on usage of the TrackingContext module view the module documentation.


The TrackingTrigger component allows an application to declaratively trigger an analytic event. It is used in conjunction with the TrackingProvider component to trigger events in a standardized way. Specify the desired event name, payload and options to include when the event is triggered. The event will be triggered with a merge of the specified payload and options and the current context when the containing component’s componentDidMount is invoked.

event string ── The event to trigger
payload objectOf (any) {} The event specific payload
onTrigger func () => {} Callback function invoked after the event successfully triggered.
options objectOf (any) {} The trigger options.
import {TrackingTrigger} from '@vrbo/react-event-tracking';
const eventPayload = {
    location: 'searchbar',
    name: 'Calendar'
const eventOptions = {asynchronous: true};

function Calendar(props) {
    return (

For further details on usage of the TrackingTrigger component view the component documentation.

Usage Caveats

  • The use of contextType in a React component requires react: ^16.6.0.
  • Prior to React 16.8.0 it was not possible for a component to use multiple contextType definitions. If a component needs to consume multiple contextType definitions, use the hooks api made available in React 16.8.0.
  • If a TrackingProvider with a trigger implementation is not defined somewhere in the hierarchy, the this.context.trigger API will essentially be a no-op. This allows components to be enabled to trigger events regardless of whether the application is configured to trigger them.
  • Do not dynamically construct the property values for TrackingProvider unless you want all descendant consumers to force re-render. See the "Note" under the TrackingProvider section for more details.
  • Objects used in eventPayload, eventOptions and payload are deep merged when merging data in the TrackingProvider. Arrays are concatinated (nested objects within arrays are not merged), objects are merged recursively. Attributes with different types will be overwritten.


Script Description
npm install Install the project dependencies; once installed npm run build is also executed
npm start Run the webpack dev server and open the test harness in a browser
npm run start:silent Runs the webpack dev server but does not open a browser window
npm run build Compile Less (CSS) and Javascript assets
npm run test Run unit tests, eslint and provide code coverage metrics
npm run test:unit Run unit tests only. To debug within the test suite pass the --inspect flag to mocha like so: npm run test:unit -- --inspect and add debugger; //eslint-disable-line to the line in the test file you would like to break on. If you need to break immediately, use --inspect --inspect-brk.
npm run test:style Run linters to verify code meets the configured eslint settings
npm run test:coverage Run npm run test:unit and provide metrics about coverage


  • Any time the scripts related to start are executed the documentation or project demo is available in your browser at localhost:8000 or
  • To see a complete list of npm scripts, use: npm run

Further Reading