casbin-express-authz is an authorization middleware for Express

Usage no npm install needed!

<script type="module">
  import casbinExpressAuthz from '';



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Express-Authz is an authorization middleware for Express, it's based on Node-Casbin:


use casbin v2.x

npm install casbin@2 casbin-express-authz@1 --save

use casbin v3.x

npm install casbin@3 casbin-express-authz@2 --save

or you can simply use,

npm install express casbin casbin-express-authz --save

Usage with Basic HTTP Authentication

By default casbin-authz supports HTTP Basic Authentication of the form Authentication: Basic {Base64Encoded(username:password)}

Usage with Other HTTP Authentication

To use other HTTP Authentication like Bearer/Digest you can use a custom middleware to define the res.locals.username variable and casbin-authz will automatically pick up the value from the variable.

const { newEnforcer } = require('casbin');
const express = require('express');
const { authz } = require('casbin-express-authz');

const app = express();
const enforcer = newEnforcer('examples/authz_model.conf', 'examples/authz_policy.csv');

// set userinfo
app.use((req, res, next) => {
  res.locals.username = getUsernameFromToken(); // Your custom function for retrieving username

// use authz middleware
app.use(authz({ newEnforcer: enforcer }));

// response
app.use((req, res, next) => {
  res.status(200).json({ status: 'OK' });


Usage with customized authorizer

This package provides BasicAuthorizer, it uses HTTP Basic Authentication as the authentication method. If you want to use another authentication method like OAuth, you needs to implement Authorizer as below:

import { Enforcer, newEnforcer } from 'casbin';
import { authz, Authorizer } from 'casbin-express-authz';
import * as express from 'express';

const app = express();

class MyAuthorizer implements Authorizer {
  private e: Enforcer;

  constructor(e: Enforcer) {
    this.e = e;

  checkPermission(): Promise<boolean> {
    // do something
    return true;
const e = newEnforcer('examples/authz_model.conf', 'examples/authz_policy.csv');

    newEnforcer: e,
    authorizer: new MyAuthorizer(e),


How to control the access

The authorization determines a request based on {subject, object, action}, which means what subject can perform what action on what object. In this plugin, the meanings are:

  1. subject: the logged-on user name
  2. object: the URL path for the web resource like "dataset1/item1"
  3. action: HTTP method like GET, POST, PUT, DELETE, or the high-level actions you defined like "read-file", "write-blog"

For how to write authorization policy and other details, please refer to the Casbin's documentation.

Getting Help


This project is licensed under the Apache 2.0 license.