Transform .env variables into condensed JSON variables for use in nodejs projects.

Usage no npm install needed!

<script type="module">
  import dotenvDot from '';




Dotenv-dot adds dot-notation variable transformation on top of dotenv. If you find yourself needing to condense environment variables into JSON variables, then dotenv-dot is your tool.

Release Version License


npm install dotenv --save
npm install dotenv-dot --save


Dot-notation variables are those which contain a dot (.) in their name. Add dot-notation variables to the .env file like any other variable.


Once the dotenv-dot transformer is executed, these variables will be condensed into a new variable named MAIL_CONFIG.


Transform process.env variables

As early as possible in your application, require dotenv and dotenv-dot. Then, execute dotenv-dot after dotenv.

const dotenv = require('dotenv');
const dotenvDot = require('dotenv-dot').transform;

const myEnv = dotenv.config();
const results = dotenvDot(); // only updates `process.env`

Transform process.env and the results of dotenv.config()

If you want to update process.env and the output of the dotenv.config(), include the output as a parameter on the dotenv-dot transformer.

const myEnv = dotenv.config();
const results = dotenvDot(myEnv); // updates `process.env` and `myEnv`

Transform variables without affecting process.env

It is possible to use dotenv without adding variables to process.env. Dotenv-dot can also do the same.

const parsedOutput = dotenv.parse(`MAIL_CONFIG.service=gmail

const results = dotenvDot(parsedOutput);

If you already have parsed output you may transform it without using dotenv.

const results = dotenvDot({
  'MAIL_CONFIG.service': 'gmail',
  'MAIL_CONFIG.auth.user': ''
  'MAIL_CONFIG.auth.pass': 'pass1234'



Default: false

You may turn on logging to help debug why certain keys or values are not being set as expected.

const myEnv = dotenv.config();

require('dotenv-dot').transform(myEnv, {
  debug: process.env.DEBUG

Default: false

You may want to ignore process.env when transforming the output of the dotenv.config(). When this option is turned on process.env will not be consulted or altered.

const myEnv = dotenv.config();

require('dotenv-dot').transform(myEnv, {
  ignoreProcessEnv: true

How do I use dotenv-dot with import?

import * as dotenv from 'dotenv';
import dotenvDot from 'dotenv-dot';

Or, if only intending to access process.env, the two modules should be loading in this order using their auto-imports:

import 'dotenv/config';
import 'dotenv-dot/transform';

More information about the import syntax is available on the dotenv repository.

Note: You may set the debug option using the dotenv debug command line or environment variable. The ignoreProcessEnv option is irrelevant when using the auto-imports.

How do I add arrays to the .env file?

Arrays are added by using numbers to indicate the value's index in the resulting array.

THINGS.0='Was eaten by his others'
THINGS.1='Thing One'
THINGS.3='Wayward Thing Two'