A compiler to transform pyramid of callback into sequence of Dues

Usage no npm install needed!

<script type="module">
  import dueCompiler from 'https://cdn.skypack.dev/due-compiler';


Due compiler


What is a due ?

A due is a simpler alternative to Promises in Javascript. It doesn't follow the Promise/A+ specification. Instead, it follows the error-first convention from Node.js.


This compiler translate a javascript code using callbacks, into a javascript code using Dues.

// parent
_1(input_1, function(err, res) { // 1
  _2(input_2, function(err, res) { // 2 
    _3(input_3, function(err, res) { // 3



// parent
.then( funciton(err, res) { // 1
  return _2(input_2)
.then( funciton(err, res) { // 2
  return _3(input_3)
.then( funciton(err, res) { // 3
  • It doesn't replace the libraries, you have to replace the vanilla libraries with due-compatible libraries. You can use the mock method from the npm due package, to make an asynchronous call due-compatible.

  • It doesn't spot asynchronous functions, you have to provide a method to filter asynchronous from synchronous functions. The console client, and the web client provide an interactive interface to do that. You can automate this process with your own method.


Console client

./bin/compiler <source> [<target>]

If target is not specified, the compiler write to a file named <source path and base name>-due.js.

Web client

The compiler is available online, as a standalone webpage.

Node.js API

It is possible to use the compiler as a node.js library.

var due_compiler = require('due-compiler');

due_compiler(code, filterRP, callback);

filterRP must be a function to filter synchronous from asynchronous function calls. The asynchronous function calls are called rupture points, because they allow the transformation.

function filterRP(err, potentialRP, callback) {

  var actualRP = potentialRP.filter(function(rp) {
    // ... return rp.isAsynchronous

  callback(null, actualRP);


Browser API

It is possible to use the compiler in the browser, using Browserify. The API is the same as for node.js.

The following command create a bundle to include in your webpage.

browserify pages/scripts/client.js > pages/scripts/script.js
<script src="scripts/script.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript">
  var compiler = window.compiler;


Compilation steps

1 - build the trees of direct child asynchronous calls An asynchronous calls callback can call many asynchronous calls.

2 - Build the chains from the tree If a callback call many asynchronous calls, the chain can continue with no more than one of them. The other ones are turned into different chains.

3 - Inside a chain, find and list the shared identifiers. these identifiers need to be moved to a parent scope.

4 - Modify the code accordingly to these modifications