Evernote SASS Structure Boilerplate
After reading the book SMACSS and finding it very helpful the Front End team at Evernote has used some of the ideas in our SASS build. We've found breaking the SASS files out into directories (Base, Layout, Modules, and Views) helps organize our files in a project and compile CSS into a clean, logical file. Each page has a SASS (.scss) file created that acts as a project file that imports the individual modular components from Base, Layout, Modules, and Views that are needed to build the particular page.
This build methodology is currently being used on Evernote.com.
npm install evernote-sass -g
evernotesass in a directory where you'd like to use the Evernote Sass build.
To create new individual Sass files run
evernotesass-page name=filename path=Path-To-Sass-directory. If the name isn't set the file will be named 'page' and if the path isn't set it assumes the directory is 'sass'.
To create new Sass module run
evernotesass-module name=filename path=Path-To-Sass-Modules-directory. If the name isn't set the file will be named 'module' and if the path isn't set it assumes the directory is 'sass/modules'.
The base directory contains styles that help start a project. The base directory could contain the following type of SASS files:
- Vendor dependancies (Compass, Foundation)
- Authored dependancies (Mixins, variables, Extends)
The layout directory contains styles that are large containers of a page. This directory could include SASS files like:
- Responsive Grid
- Page specific layouts
The modules directory will probably contain the bulk of your SASS files. A page may consist of multiple modules and should be styled individually. These modules may include files like:
- Content Block
The views directory contains any specific styles that a page may need to change from the generic layout or modules. For example the header in your website maybe green throughout a website or application but on a specific page you want it to change to a blue background that's where the views files would come in.
Removing unused Sass modules
With Evernote's Sass structure we run into having a lot of Sass files in our build. Sometimes they are no longer used so we've started using a Grunt task called Sassyclean that helps automate removing old unused Sass modules.
- There should only be a maximum of 2 CSS files per page ( this prevents HTTP requests )
- One line for each selector or rule
- List related items together
- Only nest 3 levels deep
- Break files out into small modules (avoid having a SCSS file that is larger than 100 lines)
- Avoid using IDs throughout the site. Use IDs for parent elements. Example: Header, Footer, Main. Using Classes avoids having to use !important
- Be generous with commenting
- If a
:hoverpseudo class is styled,
:focusshould also be styled for accessibility.
- Using "// " for your comments in SASS and they will not output in the compiled CSS
- Any values commonly throughout the SASS build should be set as a variable (fonts, colors, percentages, z-index)
- All colors should be variables
Order of imports
- Vendor dependancies (compass)
- Authored dependancies (Mixins, variables)
- Base styles ( reset, fonts, typography )
- Layout styles
- Modules styles
- Views styles
- 1.2.7: Remove Grunt dependencies.
- 1.2.6: Update documentation.
- 1.2.5: Rename themes directory to views.
- 1.2.4: Add date created to module generator script.
- 1.2.3: Update formatting on default page.scss.
- 1.2.2: Fixed typos pull #12.
- 1.2.1: Update error messages.
- 1.2.0: Updates to page generator script and documentation.
- 1.1.9: Updates to module generator script.
- 1.1.8: Update package.
- 1.1.7: Add Sass module generator script.
- 1.1.6: Change comment dashes to 60.
- 1.1.5: Move mixins into separate modules.
- 1.1.4: Small updates to build script.
- 1.1.3: Added pull #10 add missing "grunt-newer" package.
- 1.1.2: Added pull #9 update grid.
- 1.1.1: Added pull #8 clean up type.
- 1.1.0: Added pull #7 clean up coding style.
- 1.0.9: Added pull #6 missing margin auto mixin.
- 1.0.8: Added pull #5 JSCS support based on google preset.
- 1.0.7: Added pull #4 editorconfig support.
- 1.0.6: Update documentation for individual Sass file.
- 1.0.5: Ability to create new individual Sass file.
- 1.0.4: Set default HTML font size to 62.5% and change REM mixin calculation.
- 1.0.3: Update documentation
- 1.0.2: Remove old shell script
- 1.0.1: Update generator script
- 1.0.0: Add evernotesass generator script
- 0.1.3: Added grunt package with Sass, Watch and Sassyclean.
- 0.1.0: Initial release.
- Fork it
- Create your feature branch (
git checkout -b my-new-feature)
- Commit your changes (
git commit -am 'Add some feature')
- Push to the branch (
git push origin my-new-feature)
- Create new Pull Request