Error handler for redux.

Usage no npm install needed!

<script type="module">
  import failraft from '';



This module extends Failboat to make it work in conjunction with redux.

Error handlers registered with Failraft are dispatched via the store to which it is attached - this essentialy allows actions to be triggered in response to error conditions in the application.


Once imported the module is instantiated with an object consisting of handlers to be executed when it consumes an error.

Configuring error handlers

The handler object is keyed by strings that match any "tags" that are attached to the error, while tagging itself is customisable by supplying a function that can be used to decode the error and return an array of appropriate tags.

Let's look at an example:

const Failraft = require("failraft");

const instanceOptions = {
  determineErrorTags: error => []

const instance = new Failraft({
  Error: error => ({ type: "WARNING_ACTION", payload: error.message }),
  SyntaxError: error => ({ type: "ALARM_ACTION", payload: error.message })

Here we configure Failraft to use the error name when looking up which error handler to fire. If we have code that catches invalid JSON responses from the server (a SyntaxError is typically thrown when parsing such data) we can arrange two different messages to be shown in this case.

Attaching a store

As you might have noticed, the handlers we declared above are actually redux actions. In an appliction that uses redux, this is important because changes in state are represented by actions and applied by reducers.

In order to "activate" the error handler, it must be linked to the application redux store. There are two methods are provided for doing this:


This hints the Failraft instance that actions should be dispatched via a particular store:

const redux = require("redux");
const store = redux.createStore(state => state, {});

new Failraft({
  /* error routes */


This method returns a middleware that is suitable for direct inclusion as a middleware in the store:

const failraftInstance = new Failraft({
  /* error routes */

const { createStore, applymiddleware } = require("redux");
const storeWithFailraftMiddleware = redux.createStore(
  state => state,

The middleware watches actions passing through the store and any that are idenfied as errors will be passed into Failraft for handling.

Currently, error actions can be of any type but the dispatched object must have the following to properties:

  • error: <error object>
  • errorAction: true

In practice, that actions representing errors look something like:

{ type: 'SOME_FAILURE', error: new Error(), errorAction: true }

If actions that count as errors have a different structure in your redux store, the identifyErrorAction function can be supplied to the middleware to customise this. The example below matches error actions by type name:

{ type: '@ERROR/some_condition', error: new Error() }

const customMiddleware = new Failraft({
  /* error routes */
  identifyErrorAction: action => action.type.startsWith('@ERROR/')

Triggering errors

In order for an error error handled correctly we must provide Failraft with a function that is able to decode an error to a set of "tags" that represent it which are used to discover the correct handler. We do this by including the determineErrorTags function in the second options argument.

As in our first example, in order to use the name of an error as a match against handlers we would return it as follows:

new Failraft(
    /* error routes */
    determineErrorTags: error => []

The only requirement placed on determineErrorTags() is that is returns an array contain single strings that will be matched.

Error can be directly passed for handling by calling the consumeError(error) method, attached to the Failraft instance, while users of the middleware will have this automitically arranged for them.

Extended error handlers

There are cases where, in a particular situation, some custom handling is required - perhaps a message being shown that is specific for one portion of the application.

This can be achieved by including additional error handlers on the action being dispatched - the middleware will match these first and the handler fired is successful. If none is found we fall back and attempt to find a match in the globally registered handlers.

const failureAction = error => ({
  errorAction: true,
  additionalErrorHandlers: {
    Error: () => ({})

storeWithFailraftMiddleware.dispatch(failureAction(new Error("some failure")));


Failraft is licensed under a standard 3-clause BSD license -- see the LICENSE-file for details.