A Web Locks API implementation for Node.js

Usage no npm install needed!

<script type="module">
  import piscinaLocks from 'https://cdn.skypack.dev/piscina-locks';



Piscina-locks is an implementation of the Web Locks API for Node.js.

The Web Locks API allows code to acquire a lock, perform work while the lock is held, then have the lock automatically released when the work is complete.

Written using TypeScript and N-API.

For Node.js 12.x and higher.

MIT Licensed.


const { request } = require('piscina-locks');
const { setTimeout } = require('timers/promises');

(async function() {
  return await request('resource', async (lock) => {
    await setTimeout(1000);
    return lock.name;

Using workers:

const { request } = require('piscina-locks');
const { Worker, isMainThread } = require('worker_threads');
const { promisify } = require('util');
const sleep = promisify(setTimeout);

request('shared-resource', async () => {
  await sleep(1000);

if (isMainThread) {
  // eslint-disable-next-line no-new
  new Worker(__filename);

request(name\[, options], callback)

  • name (string) The name of the lock to acquire.
  • options (object)
    • mode (string) Must be 'exclusive' or 'shared'. Defaults to 'exclusive'. There can be only one holder of an 'exclusive' lock at a time but multiple holders of 'shared' locks.
    • ifAvailable (boolean) When true, the request will fail if the lock cannot be granted immediately. Defaults to false.
    • steal (boolean) When true, any existing held locks are released and the associated Promises rejected with an AbortError and the requested lock will be granted. Defaults to false.
    • signal (AbortSignal | EventEmitter) An AbortSignal that can be used to cancel a pending lock request.
  • callback (function) Invoked when the lock is acquired. The callback is invoked with the granted Lock as the only argument. If ifAvailable is true and the lock is not available, the argument will be null. The callback may be a regular function or an async function.

Returns a Promise that resolves with the return value of callback after the granted Lock is released. The Promise will be rejected if the lock request is canceled, the granted lock is stolen, or callback throws.


  • Returns object
    • pending (object[])
      • name (string)
      • mode (string)
    • held (object[])
      • name (string)
      • mode (string)

The query() method is a diagnostic utility that lists the pending lock requests and currently held locks. It is useful for debugging purposes only.

The Team


Piscina development is sponsored by NearForm Research.