use querySelector syntax to search for nodes inside of (nested) shadow roots

Usage no npm install needed!

<script type="module">
  import querySelectorShadowDom from 'https://cdn.skypack.dev/query-selector-shadow-dom';


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querySelector that can pierce Shadow DOM roots without knowing the path through nested shadow roots. Useful for automated testing of Web Components e.g. with Selenium, Puppeteer.


// available as an ES6 module for importing in Browser environments

import { querySelectorAllDeep, querySelectorDeep } from 'query-selector-shadow-dom';

What is a nested shadow root?

Image of Shadow DOM elements in dev tools You can see that .dropdown-item:not([hidden]) (Open downloads folder) is several layers deep in shadow roots, most tools will make you do something like

document.querySelector("body > downloads-manager").shadowRoot.querySelector("#toolbar").shadowRoot.querySelector(".dropdown-item:not([hidden])")


with query-selector-shadow-dom:

import { querySelectorAllDeep, querySelectorDeep } from 'query-selector-shadow-dom';


  • querySelectorAllDeep - mirrors querySelectorAll from the browser, will return an Array of elements matching the query
  • querySelectorDeep - mirrors querySelector from the browser, will return the first matching element of the query.
  • collectAllElementsDeep - collects all elements on the page, including shadow dom

Both of the methods above accept a 2nd parameter, see section Provide alternative node. This will change the starting element to search from i.e. it will find ancestors of that node that match the query.



This plugin implements a custom selector strategy: https://webdriver.io/docs/selectors.html#custom-selector-strategies

// make sure you have selenium standalone running
const { remote } = require('webdriverio');
const { locatorStrategy } = require('query-selector-shadow-dom/plugins/webdriverio');

(async () => {
    const browser = await remote({
        logLevel: 'error',
        path: '/wd/hub',
        capabilities: {
            browserName: 'chrome'

    // The magic - registry custom strategy
    browser.addLocatorStrategy('shadow', locatorStrategy);

    // now you have a `shadow` custom locator.

    // All elements on the page
    await browser.waitUntil(() => browser.custom$("shadow", ".btn-in-shadow-dom"));
    const elements = await browser.$("*");

    const elementsShadow = await browser.custom$("shadow", "*");

    console.log("All Elements on Page Excluding Shadow Dom", elements.length);
    console.log("All Elements on Page Including Shadow Dom", elementsShadow.length);

    await browser.url('')
    // find input element in shadow dom
    const input = await browser.custom$('shadow', '#type-to-input');
    // type to input ! Does not work in firefox, see above.
    await input.setValue('Typed text to input');
    // Firefox workaround
    // await browser.execute((input, val) => input.value = val, input, 'Typed text to input')

    await browser.deleteSession()
})().catch((e) => console.error(e))

How is this different to shadow$

shadow$ only goes one level deep in a shadow root.

Take this example. Image of Shadow DOM elements in dev tools You can see that .dropdown-item:not([hidden]) (Open downloads folder) is several layers deep in shadow roots, but this library will find it, shadow$ would not. You would have to construct a path via css or javascript all the way through to find the right element.

const { remote } = require('webdriverio')
const { locatorStrategy } = require('query-selector-shadow-dom/plugins/webdriverio');

(async () => {
    const browser = await remote({capabilities: {browserName: 'chrome'}})

    browser.addLocatorStrategy('shadow', locatorStrategy);

    await browser.url('chrome://downloads')
    const moreActions = await browser.custom$('shadow', '#moreActions');
    await moreActions.click();
    const span = await browser.custom$('shadow', '.dropdown-item:not([hidden])');
    const text = await span.getText()
    // prints `Open downloads folder`

    await browser.deleteSession()
})().catch((e) => console.error(e))

Known issues

There are some webdriver examples available in the examples folder of this repository. WebdriverIO examples


Update: As of 5.4.0 Puppeteer now has a built in shadow Dom selector, this module might not be required for Puppeteer anymore. They don't have any documentation: https://github.com/puppeteer/puppeteer/pull/6509

There are some puppeteer examples available in the examples folder of this repository.

Puppeteer examples


Update: as of Playwright v0.14.0 their CSS and text selectors work with shadow Dom out of the box, you don't need this library anymore for Playwright.

Playwright works really nicely with this package.

This module exposes a playwright selectorEngine: https://github.com/microsoft/playwright/blob/main/docs/api.md#selectorsregisterenginefunction-args

const { selectorEngine } = require("query-selector-shadow-dom/plugins/playwright");
const playwright = require('playwright');

 await selectors.register('shadow', createTagNameEngine);
  await page.goto('chrome://downloads');
  // shadow= allows a css query selector that automatically pierces shadow roots.
  await page.waitForSelector('shadow=#no-downloads span', {timeout: 3000})

For a full example see: https://github.com/Georgegriff/query-selector-shadow-dom/blob/main/examples/playwright


This project provides a Protractor plugin, which can be enabled in your protractor.conf.js file:

exports.config = {
    plugins: [{
        package: 'query-selector-shadow-dom/plugins/protractor'
    // ... other Protractor-specific config

The plugin registers a new locator - by.shadowDomCss(selector /* string */), which can be used in regular Protractor tests:


The locator also works with Serenity/JS tests that use Protractor under the hood:

import 'query-selector-shadow-dom/plugins/protractor';
import { Target } from '@serenity-js/protractor'
import { by } from 'protractor';

const ElementOfInterest = Target.the('element of interest')

See the end-to-end tests for more examples.


Provide alternative node

    // query from another node
    querySelectorShadowDom.querySelectorAllDeep('child', document.querySelector('#startNode'));
    // query an iframe
    querySelectorShadowDom.querySelectorAllDeep('child', iframe.contentDocument);

This library does not allow you to query across iframe boundaries, you will need to get a reference to the iframe you want to interact with.
If your iframe is inside of a shadow root you could cuse querySelectorDeep to find the iframe, then pass the contentDocument into the 2nd argument of querySelectorDeep or querySelectorAllDeep.

Chrome downloads page

In the below examples the components being searched for are nested within web components shadowRoots.

// Download and Paste the lib code in dist into chrome://downloads console to try it out :)

console.log(querySelectorShadowDom.querySelectorAllDeep('downloads-item:nth-child(4) #remove'));
console.log(querySelectorShadowDom.querySelectorAllDeep('#downloads-list .is-active a[href^="https://"]'));
console.log(querySelectorShadowDom.querySelectorDeep('#downloads-list div#title-area + a'));

Shady DOM

If using the polyfills and shady DOM, this library will still work.


  • Shipped as an ES6 module to be included using a bundler of your choice (or not).
  • ES5 version bundled ontop the window as window.querySelectorShadowDom available for easy include into a test framework

Running the code locally

npm install

Running the tests

npm test

Running the tests in watch mode

npm run watch

Running the build

npm run build